However, it reversed the dismissal of the §107 claim, minnesota vikings skol vikings full printing ugly sweater holding that this section indeed provided a cause of action to PRPs, i.e., “potentially liable parties” against other PRPs.
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Act to consider whether the agency’s transfer of authority regarding water pollution to a state agency may jeopardize endangered species. minnesota vikings skol vikings full printing ugly sweater The Court’s decision reversed an opinion by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, which had held that the EPA’s transfer power under the Clean Water Act was limited by the ESA. In parts of the country where reformulated gasoline products are required, benzene levels have been reduced by 50 percent or more. In areas that have not adopted RFG, average benzene levels remain about twice the national average, while in the Pacific Northwest, levels have run nearly three times as high. The new rule was designed to meet the court order’s requirement that EPA force oil refineries to meet an average 0.62 percent limit of benzene in all fuel produced for consumption by 2011.
The current content of benzene in gasoline is just under one percent, averaging 0.97 percent. On February 26, 2007, the EPA published its final rule for the regulation of benzene, a naturally-occurring but highly toxic and cancer-causing substance found in crude oil, gasoline, and exhaust fumes emitted from vehicles. The rule, published as Control of Hazardous Air Pollutants from Mobile Sources, requires sequential implementation between 2009 and 2011, and is estimated to reduce toxic emissions of benzene and other pollutants by up to 80 percent over the next two decades. The new requirements were expected to reduce total emissions of mobile source air toxics by 330,000 tons, and VOC emissions (precursors to ozone and “PM2.5”) by more than one million tons. The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals agreed that Atlantic Research had no cause of action for contribution under §113.