Debates about world government during the Cold War, however, nfl new york giants go big blue full printing ugly sweater were pervaded by the ideological division of the world, and the section concludes with an exploration of socialist views on world government.
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should lead the princes of Europe to form a federation of states by social contract. The contracting sovereigns would form a perpetual and irrevocable alliance, nfl new york giants go big blue full printing ugly sweater establishing a permanent Diet or Congress that would adjudicate all conflicts between the contracting parties. The federation would also proscribe as “a public enemy” (Rousseau 1756/1917, 63) any member who breaks the Treaty or disregards the decisions of the congress; in such a situation, all members would “arm and take the offensive, conjointly and at the common expense, against any State put to the ban of Europe” in order to enforce the decisions of the federation (61–4). In other words, perpetual peace can be achieved if the princes of Europe would agree to relinquish their
sovereign rights to make war or peace to a superior, federal body that guaranteed protection of their basic interests. And the kindly earth shall slumber, lapt in universal law. This entry will, first, discuss the positive and negative motivations underlying proposals for world government. In a selective discussion of the idea’s history, the entry will focus on Dante’s medieval treatise on the necessity of a world monarch or emperor, and then consider mainly arguments by Hobbes, Rousseau and Kant that reveal more skepticism about world government as a solution to the problem of war and peace among sovereign states. Most of the objections against the idea of world government outlined above are articulated in their writings. The historical background section will continue with the revival of ideas of world government in the twentieth century, prompted by technological progress, economic globalization, and the experience of two devastating world wars.