As such, the union is empowered to bargain collectively with the employer on behalf of all employees sunflower be still and know that i am God poster in the bargaining unit over wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment….
sunflower be still and know that i am God poster
over their objection, to support political causes which they oppose.” … In the face of such statutory congruity, only the most compelling evidence could persuade us that Congress intended sunflower be still and know that i am God poster the nearly identical language of these two provisions to have different meanings. Petitioners have not proffered such evidence here. Taken as a whole, 8 permits an employer and a union2 to enter into an agreement requiring all employees to become union members as a condition of continued employment, but the “membership” that may be so required has been “whittled down to its financial core.” … The statutory question presented in this case, then, is whether this “financial core” includes the obligation to support union activities beyond those germane to collective bargaining, contract administration, and grievance adjustment. We think it does not.
In June 1976, respondents, 20 employees who chose not to become union members, initiated this suit challenging CWA’s use of their agency fees for purposes other than collective bargaining, contract administration, or grievance adjustment… Specifically, respondents alleged that the union’s expenditure of their fees on activities such as organizing the employees of other employers, lobbying for labor legislation, and participating in social, charitable, and political events violated petitioners’ duty of fair representation, 8 of the NLRA , the First Amendment, and various common-law fiduciary duties. In addition to declaratory relief, respondents sought an injunction barring petitioners from exacting fees above those necessary to finance collective-bargaining activities, as well as damages for the past collection of such excess fees. majority of the employees of American Telephone and Telegraph Company and several of its subsidiaries selected petitioner Communications Workers of America as their exclusive bargaining representative.
18×12, 24×16, 36×24, 48×32