Monitoring the measures foreseen under option c will also be easier for member States. Alternatives are Iron maiden rock band music powerslave rework hawaiian shirt available, so consumers are expected to accept a ban. Given these advantages, and the fact that increased environmental benefits outweigh the increased costs, c is
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an abundance of case studies displaying the magnitude of the issue. Between January and February more than sperm whales beached along the North Sea coast. From the carcasses investigated, had netting, ropes, foil, packaging material and even a part of a car in their gastrointestinal tracts. In the Mediterranean Se a deceased sperm whale was found with . kg of ingested plastic debris, leading to a rupture of its stomach. Littering rates appear small in relative terms, but this still amounts to more than thousand tonnes of plastic entering the environment, including the marine environment, each year by . Once again, the basis for this estimate is such Iron maiden rock band music powerslave rework hawaiian shirt that limited confidence can be attached to the estimate. And finally, plastics can also be made from secondary materials obtained through the chemical or mechanical recycling of collected plastic waste. As countries and regions have adopted different methods, there is significant over-lap between some categories such as “-pack yokes, six-pack rings” and “-pack yokes, six-pack ringsbagsshopping bags including piecessmall plastic bags. freezer bags including pieces” and some items could potentially be listed in a number of categories. Analysing the open fields in the stakeholder consultation it becomes apparent that there is no widely accepted estimate for lost and discarded fishing gear out there and there is a lack of data related to this topic. Therefore the open comments varied widely from loss and only . for demersal gillnets reference to Ayaz , with other respondents citing or .
In absolute terms comments vary from ,-, net fragments lost per year to , tons lost annually worldwide reference to Macfadyen . For all gear discarded Question B – Specifi only between and indicate that all gear is discarded per year and – indicate that most gear is discarded. The majority indicate that some gear is discarded. The indication of some fishing gear discarded varies per type of fishing gear ranging between for seine nets and for lines and cords. Between and indicate that hardly any fishing gear is discarded and between and indicate none. Looking as reference specifically at responses from fisheries organizations about discarded gill nets, claim that some are discarded, hardly any and none. The feedback provided on the policy options pointed out the importance of the impact quantification. Therefore, quantitative indicators for economic impact, administrative burden, environmental impact and social impact were identified and quantified to the best extent possible. Effects on stakeholders of the different policy options have been compared in a relative way using “”, “” and “-“. EPR schemes were seen by many as highly effective, but some producers argued that they are not sui to address leakage into the oceans, which is caused by bad consumer behaviour, and indeed producers should not shoulder the cost for this misbehaviour, which is not related to their own economic activities and their treatment of waste. ‘ or the ‘aspirational marine litter reduction target by with baseline’ set out in the Circular Economy Package. Although there is wide variation in performance in different fleets, OSPAR estimate average cost per vessel for “passive” fishing for litter is including organisation and reporting and that each vessel brings back . tonnes in a year. This is not a question of enforcement of the current legislation, but of the collection and the treatment infrastructures and their ability to capture and remove pieces of plastics. Some plastics are not transiting through waste water treatment plants as they are authorised to ‘by pass’ the treatment infrastructures in case of heavy rains . More quantification on these issues will be provided in the context of the evaluation to be finalised by mid . In addition, in accordance with the Waste Framework Directive , Member States are obliged to reflect their waste prevention measures in their Waste Prevention Programmes, including measures to monitor and assess their implementation. a dedicated legal instrument to address a specific waste stream ,. a sub-group of plastic waste or environmental risks of a specific activity . the landfill directive that addresses one of many disposal operations – the landfilling of waste is common in the waste legal regulatory framework . directives on batteries, packaging. A ban that is not foreseen in b is also easier for Member States to implement.